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Conference Materials

Managing Capital Market Risk for Retirement

Enrico Biffis and Robert Kosowski

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Abstract — We offer an overview of solutions available to pension plans to manage capital market risk in order to meet their obligations. We outline the main drivers behind the evolution of asset-liability management (ALM) for pension plans and the emergence of liability-driven investment (LDI) in the last decade. We look at some of the most popular pension de-risking tools and at recent innovations prompted by the Global Financial Crisis. We offer examples based on the rise of cross-asset correlation, the use of hybrid products to mitigate tail risk, and the increasing relevance of counterparty risk mitigation tools such as collateralization. We conclude by outlining some of the main challenges ahead, including developments in pension regulation, centralized clearing of over-the-counter (OTC) instruments, and risk taking incentives in delegated asset management for long term retirement obligations.